In the California Penal Code
, sexual assault is defined as the touching of another person’s intimate parts (sexual organ, anus, groin, buttocks, or breast) against that person’s will for the purpose of sexual arousal, sexual gratification, or sexual abuse. Rape is defined
as a non-consensual act of penetrative intercourse, including sex by force, violence, duress, threats to retaliate, and threats of retaliation using the perpetrator’s public authority. It also includes clauses for people who are intoxicated, unconscious, or mentally or physically disabled.